Defects of Regulating Act 1773

Background

  • It is an act of British parliament
  • It was passed to control the British territories in Bengal
  • The main reason for this act to be passed was the misgovernment which was happening by east India company .
  • A situation of bankruptcy was introduced and the government had to interfere with the affairs of the company .

Provisions of the act

  • This act allowed the company to retain its territorial possessions in India.
  • The main aim was to regulate the functioning and the activities of the company .
  • The act allowed for the appointment of the governor general along with four councillors, warren hasting was appointed as the governor general .
  • The council governors of the madras and the Bombay were brought under the control of Bengal ,especially in the matters of the foreign policy .
  • The company directors were appointed for a period of 5 years and the retirement of the 1/4th of the members retired every year and also the re-election could not take place.
  • The first supreme court was established in Calcutta ,Sir Elijah Impey was the first chief justice .
  • It had civil and criminal jurisdiction over the british subjects .

Reasons for the passing of the act

  • The battle of plasey and the battle of buxar led to the establishment of the territorial dominance of East India company in India .
  • The bihar and the Bengal came under the dual system of the administration of clive The company also got diwani right and fiscal while nizamat jurisdiction was with the nawabs.
  • The system created a lot of problems thus the regulation of the company was a necessity
  • The allegations of corruption and nepotism were rampant against the company officials
  • The law was not that much followed in Bengal
  • The famine in Bengal where a huge population perished
See also  Salient features of Special Marriage Act 1954

Main aim of the act –

  • Intended to overhaul the management of the East India company’s rule in India
  • First step to bring about parliamentary control over the company
  • To also bring centralised administration in India.

Defects of the Act

  • The governor general had no veto power
  • The concerns of the Indian population was not addressed who were paying revenue to the company
  • The corruption among the company’s officials didn’t stop
  • The powers of the supreme court were not well defined
  • The parliamentary control in the activities of the company proved to be ineffective
  • Their was no mechanism to study the reports sent by the governor general in council .

Author: Mauli Dogra,
MIT WPU SCHOOL OF LAW ,LAW STUDENT

Leave a Comment