Internship topics

After selecting the topic, inform us name of the topic and number of days that you need to submit your work on that topic. 

POINTS TO BE NOTED WHILE WRITING ARTICLE

  • Should be in simple language and should not be too technical for a reader to understand
  • Plagiarism should not exceed 30%
  • Cover all the concepts involved in that particular topic without leaving any.
  • Don’t over explain the concepts to make up for minimum word count. Be precise and straight to the point
  • Try to include illustrations and relevant case laws wherever required.
  • Use headings and subheadings.
  • Try to avoid long paragraphs and use bullet points as the concept presented as points is easier to understand.  
  • Moral theory of contracts and legal theory of contracts 
  • Doctrine of Uberrimae / Doctrine of utmost good faith
  • Effect of minor’s agreement 
  • Breach of contract 
  • Summary of specific relief act, 1963
  • Specific performance of contract
  • Rights and liabilities of indemnity holder
  • The contract of guarantee and its essential elements
  • Rights and liabilities of surety
  • Rights and liabilities of co-sureties
  • Discharge of surety
  • Continuing guarantee under Indian contract act
  • Rights and duties of bailor
  • Rights and duties of bailee
  • General lien and particular lien
  • Contract of pledge and its essential elements 
  • Rights and duties of pawner
  • Rights and duties of pawnee
  • Contract of agency and its elements
  • Creation of agency 
  • Kinds of agency 
  • Delegation of authority / delegatus non potest delegare
  • Doctrine of ratification under law of agency 
  • Relations of principal and agent with the third parties
  • Termination of agency 
  • Test of partnership / mode of determining the existence of partnership
  • Difference between partnership at will and particular partnership
  • Rights and liabilities of partners with the third parties under Indian partnership act,1932
  • Reconstitution of a partnership firm
  • Registration of partnership firms and effects of non-registration
  • Summary of negotiable instruments act, 1881
  • The negotiable instruments under negotiable instruments act, 1881
  • Bill of exchange and cheque under NI act, 1881
  • Rightful dishonour of a cheque / circumstances under which a cheque can be dishonoured 
  • Dishonour of cheque under NI act, 1881
  • Bouncing of cheque under NI act, 1881
  • Endorsement of a Negotiable instrument
  • Kinds of endorsement of a negotiable instrument 
  • Summary of sale of goods act, 1930
  • Formation of a contract of sale
  • Implied conditions and warranties under sale of goods act, 1930
  • express conditions and warranties under sale of goods act, 1930
  • Doctrine of nemo dot quod habet
  • Sale of goods by a non-owner
  • Rights and duties of seller under sale of goods act, 1930
  • Hire purchase agreement
  • Formation or cessation of a new state under constitution of India
  • Provisions for reservations under constitution of India
 
  • Freedom of trade under constitution of India
  • Protection against self incrimination under article 20 (3)
  • Due process of law and procedure established by law
  • Preventive detention and constitution of India
  • Cultural and educational rights under article 29 and 30
  • Relationship between land reforms and article 31-A, 31-B & 31-C
  • Union executive – articles 52-78 & 123

  • Constitutional provisions relating to the president of India

  • President of India – Article 52-62 of Indian constitution

  • Impeachment process of president of India
  • The vice-president of India – Article 63-69 of constitution of India

  • The attorney general of India – article 76 of constitution of India

  • Concept of collective responsibility under constitution of India

  • Council of ministers – articles 74 & 75 of constitution of India

  • Relationship between president and prime minister of India

  • Parliamentary form of government & presidential form of government

  • Governor of a state – Power, Tenure, Qualifications, Appointment

 

  • Constitutional provisions relating to parliament of India- articles 79 – 122

  • Tenth schedule of constitution of India – anti defection law 

  • How a bill is passed in Indian parliament 

  • Legislative procedure of parliament – articles 107 – 122 of constitution

  • Provisions relating to money bill – articles 109 – 110

  • Functioning of the parliament of India

 

  • Appointment of the judges of supreme court
  • Constitution of the supreme court of India

  • Constitution of the high courts in the states 

  • Powers and jurisdiction of the high courts of the states

  • Public interest litigation 

  • The constitutional provisions that safeguard the independence of judiciary 

  • Judicial accountability

 

  • Financial relations between centre and state
  • The finance commission of India – composition & functions

  • The doctrine of repugnancy in the constitution of India – art 254

  • The doctrine of residuary powers in constitution of India

  • The doctrine of immunity of instrumentalities 

  • The doctrine of occupied field

 

  • Centre-State Relations in India – Legislative, Administrative and Financial
  • The power of the union and the states to carry on trade – article 298

  • The liability of state in contracts under article 299

  • The liability of state in tort/ suits and proceedings under article 300

  • The constitutional provisions relating to the vicarious liability of the state

  • The right to property under article 300A of constitution of India

  • Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse – constitution of India – article 301 – 307

  • The doctrine of pleasure under constitution of India

  • Public service commission – composition, powers and functions

 

  • President rule/state emergency under article 356 of Indian constitution – proclamation & impacts

  • Impact of proclamation of emergency on the fundamental rights 

  • The procedure and kinds of amendments – constitution of India

  • The doctrine of prospective overruling – constitution of India

  • 44th Amendment to the Constitution of India: An overview
  • 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India: An overview
  • 74th Amendment to the Constitution of India: An overview
  • Magna negligentia culpa est, magna culpa dolus est – fault in law of torts

  • Liability without fault / No fault liability – law of torts

  • Occupier’s liability for dangerous premises under law of torts

  • torts affecting persons – law of torts

  • Malicious prosecution/ abuse of legal proceedings – law of torts
  • Subjective theory of negligence and objective theory of negligence

 

  • Modes of extinction of liability in torts

  • Accord and satisfaction of a tortious liability

  • Remedies against tortious liability –  judicial & extra judicial remedies

  • General principles of damages – kinds of damages

  • Quantum of damages / measurement of damages in a case of tort

  • Test of directness & test of reasonable foresight under law of torts

 

  • The motor accidents claims tribunal – composition, powers & functions under MV Act

  • Kinds of insurance under the motor vehicles act, 1988

  • Rights of third parties in the motor accidents under the insurance act

  • Claim before the motor accidents claims tribunal – motor vehicles act, 1988

  • The UN guidelines on the consumer protection
  • The salient features of the consumer protection act, 1986

  • Rights of the consumers under the consumer protection act, 1986

  • Unfair trade practices under the consumer protection act, 1986

  • Defect in goods and deficiency of services under the consumer protection act, 1986

  • Medical negligence under the consumer protection act, 1986\

  • Consumer disputes redressal mechanism under the consumer protection act, 1986

  • District consumer forum – composition, jurisdiction and powers

  • National commission under the consumer protection act – composition and powers

  • State commission under the consumer protection act – composition and powers

 

  • Different Approaches towards the Study of Jurisprudence

  • Jurisprudence & Other Social Sciences: Evaluating the Interrelation

  • Advantages and disadvantages of administration of justice

 

  • Schools of jurisprudence

  • Philosophical school of jurisprudence

  • John Austin’s Analytical Approach to Positive Law

  • John Austin’s imperial theory of law and criticisms

  • Bentham’s theory of law and its criticisms

  • Roscoe Pound’s theory of social engineering 

  • Savigny’s theory of Volksgeist – Historical school 

 

  • Advantages and disadvantages of Legislation
  • delegated legislation and conditional legislation – differences 

  • Merits and demerits of codification of laws

  • Meaning and important rules of interpretation of laws

  • Golden rule of interpretation & mischief rule of interpretation

 

  • Kinds of precedents 

  • Authoritative precedent and persuasive precedent

  • Original precedent and declaratory precedents

  • Conditions destroying or weakening the binding force of precedent

 

  • Requisites or essentials of a valid custom

  • difference between custom and usage

 

  • Legal rights – definition & characteristics

  • Concept of rights and duties under jurisprudence

  • Relationship between rights and duties

  • Classification / kinds of legal rights

  • Hohfeld’s Theory of Jural Relations 

  • Right in rem and right in personam

 

  • Ownership: Definition, Concept and Kinds

  • Modes of acquisition of ownership

  • Essential characteristics of ownership

  • Possession: Definition, essentials & kinds

  • Essential elements of possession

  • Possession in law and possession in fact

  • Possessory remedies

  • Kinds of property

  • Modes of acquisition of property  

  • Title: definition, kinds and modes of acquisition

  • Investitive facts and divestitive facts

 

  • Person: definition and kinds

  • Theories of corporate personality 

  • Double capacity and double personality 

  • Theories of juristic personality 

  • Liability : meaning and kinds

  • Liability for mis-statements

  • Act, intention and motive

  • Jus necessitatis

  • Mistake of fact and mistake of law

  • Theories of punishment
  • Administration of Justice in Madras, Bombay, Calcutta (1600-1726)
  • Administration of Justice in Madras presidency before 1726
  • Administration of Justice in Bombay presidency before 1726
  • Administration of Justice in Calcutta presidency before 1726
  • Charter of 1726 – uniform judicial system
  • Development of courts and judicial institutions under east India company
  • Adalat system of courts – 
  • Defects of Regulating act of 1773
  • Case of Kamaluddin (1775)
  • Act of settlement 1781 – purpose & salient features
  • The Judicial Plan of 1787 of Lord Cornwallis
  • Judicial Plan of 1790 of Lord Cornwallis
  • Judicial Scheme (or Plan) of 1793 of Lord Cornwallis
  • JUDICIAL REFORMS OF SIR JOHN SHORE
  • Charter of 1833
  • The govenrment of India Act, 1858
  • Indian councils act, 1892 – salient features
  • Salient features of Indian bar councils act 1926
  • Meaning and concept of property 
  • Definitions and kinds of property
  • difference between movable and immovable property
  • Agreement to sell and agreement of sale
  • Transfer of property – procedure & essentials of a valid transfer
  • Registration procedure of a transfer of property
  • Attestation – meaning and essentials 
  • Notice – concept and its kinds under transfer of property act
  • doctrine of fixture under transfer of property act, 1882 
  • Transferable and non transferable property – transfer of property act, 1882
  • Doctrine of Spes successionis – transfer of property act, 1882 
  • Persons competent to transfer – transfer of property act, 1882
  • Rule against inalienability – transfer of property act, 1882
  • Transfer of property to unborn persons – TP Act, 1882
  • Rule against perpetuity under property law
  • direction for accumulation of income – transfer of property act
  • vested interest and contingent interest under TP act
  • Conditional transfers under Transfer of property act 1882
  • Condition precedent and condition subsequent under TP Act
  • The doctrine of election under transfer of property act 1882
  • Doctrine of holding out under transfer of property act 1882
  • Doctrine of feeding the grant by estoppel / Rule of estoppel
  • Fraudulent transfer under transfer of property act 
  • Doctrine of part performance – transfer of property act 
  • Actionable claim under transfer of property act
  • Doctrine of priority under property law
  • Concept of mortgage under transfer of property act
  • Concept of lease under transfer of property act
  • Concept of gift under transfer of property act
  • Sale of immovable property: Essentials of valid sale – TP Act
  • Unpaid vendor’s lien – section 55 (4) of Transfer of Property Act
  • Rights and liabilities of buyer and seller – sec 55 of TP Act
  • Rule of Nemo dat quod non habet for sale of immovable property
  • Definition and kinds of mortgage – Transfer of property act 1882
  • Rights and liabilities of mortgagor – Transfer of property act 1882
  • Rights and liabilities of mortgagee – Transfer of property act 1882
  • Doctrine of clog on redemption – concept & exceptions 
  • Rule of marshalling and contribution – TP Act 1882
  • Doctrine of subrogation – Transfer of property act 1882
  • Charge & its kinds – sec 100 of Transfer of property act 1882
  • Lease: meaning, essential elements & kinds
  • Difference between lease and license 
  • Forfeiture of lease under Transfer of property act
  • Rights and liabilities of lessor and lessee
  • Essentials of a valid gift  – Transfer of property act
  • Suspension or revocation of a gift
  • Concept of onerous gift and universal donee
  • Easement: Concept, Essential, Types 
  • Kinds of easements under Indian Easements Act 1882
  • Imposition, acquisition and transfer of easements
  • Quasi easements and easements of necessity
  • Perspective easements – Indian Easements Act 1882
  • Customary Easements  – Indian Easements Act 1882
  • Incidents of easements – Indian Easements Act 1882
  • Extinction, suspension & revival of easements
  • Concept of license under Indian Easements Act 1882
  • Laws relating to domicile in India
  • Testamentary succession under Indian succession act, 1925
  • Concept and essential characters of a Will
  • Who can make a will?
  • Kinds of wills in India – Indian succession act, 1925
  • Attestation, revocation, alteration & revivial of wills
  • Provisions relating to construction of a will
  • Void will or void bequest – Indian succession act, 1925
  • Doctrine of cy pres
  • Onerous  bequests – Indian succession act, 1925
  • Contingent and conditional bequests -Indian succession act, 1925
  • Specific and demonstrative legacy – Indian succession act, 1925
  • Ademption of legacy under Indian succession act, 1925
  • Salient features of Indian trusts act, 1882
  • Essentials for creation of a valid trust – Indian trusts act
  • Kinds of trusts under Indian trusts act
  • Appointment of a trustee – Indian trusts act, 1882
  • Duties and liabilities of a trustee – Indian trusts act, 1882
  • Rights and powers of a trustee – Indian trusts act, 1882
  • Disabilities of a trustee – Indian trusts act, 1882
  • Rights and liabilities of a beneficiary under Indian trusts act
  • Definition & characteristics of public limited company

  • Definition & characteristics of private limited company

  • Illegal association under companies act 2013

  • Dormant company and defunct company

  • Promoter of a company – role, duties and liabilities

  • Restrictions upon the borrowing powers of a company

 

  • Modes of acquisition of membership of a company

  • Allotment of shares of a company

  • Kinds of share capital – company law

  • Power of company to purchase its own securities

  • Debentures of a company – concept, types, advantages and disadvantages

  • Acceptance of deposits by the companies

  • Registration of charge under companies act 2013

 

  • The management and administration of a company

  • Meetings of a company – Essentials & kinds of Company meetings

  • Procedure for the meetings and proceedings of a company

  • Resolutions of a company and its kinds

  • Accounts of the company as per the companies act 2013

  • Company auditor – appointment, role & removal | companies act 2013

 

  • Role of a director in a company – duties and powers

  • Meetings of board: Procedures, Notice, Agenda, Requirements

  • Inspection, inquiry and investigation under companies act 2013

  • prevention of oppression and mismanagement – companies act, 2013

  • compromises, arrangements and amalgamations – companies act, 2013

  • Removal of names of companies from the register of companies

  • Revival and rehabilitation of sick companies – companies act 2013

 

  • Procedure of winding up of a company – companies act 2013

  • Modes of winding up of a company

  • Consequences/effects of winding up of a company

  • Procedure before national company law tribunal

  • Special courts under companies act 2013

  • Criminal law remedies for the protection of environment 

  • Provisions of Indian penal code for the protection of environment 

  • Sustainable development and Indian judiciary

  • UN Conference on Environment and Development ‘Earth Summit’ 1992

 

  • Precautionary principle & its application in India
  • Judicial activism and environmental protection in India
  • Public interest litigation and protection of environment

  • Landmark Judgments on Environmental Protection in India

  • Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra & Ors. v. State of Uttar Pradesh & Ors

  • S jagananth v. Union of India

  • Samatha vs State Of Andhra Pradesh And Ors

  • An overview of Water (prevention and control of pollution) Act 1974

  • Powers And Functions Of Central And State Boards For Prevention And Control Of Water Pollution

  • An overview of Air (prevention and control of pollution) Act 1981

  • Powers And Functions Of Central And State Boards For Prevention And Control Of Air Pollution

  • Wildlife (protection) Act 1972: An overview

  • National board for wildlife – constitution, powers and functions

  • Declaration of national park under wildlife protection act

  • An overview of Indian Forest Act 1927

  • An overview of the Forest (conservation) Act 1980

  • National green tribunal Act 2010: an overview

HINDU LAW

  • Schools of the Hindu law: Mitakshara & Dayabhaga

  • Partition of hindu joint family property

  • Doctrine of pious obligation and antecedent debts

  • Vyavaharika and avyavaharika debts under hindu law

 

  • Judicial separation under hindu law
  • Cruelty as a ground of divorce – sec 13 of Hindu marriage act 1955
  • Divorce by mutual consent under hindu law: concept & procedure

  • Legitimacy of children out of void and voidable marriages

 

  • Effects of adoption under sec 12 of hindu adoptions & maintenance act 1956
  • Doctrine of factum valet

  • Doctrine of relation back in hindu law

  • Maintenance of daughter-in-law under hindu law

  • Summary of hindu minority & guardianship act 1956

  • Guardians under hindu law: kinds, powers & functions

  • Theory of notional partition under hindu succession act 1956

  • Succession to the property of a Hindu Male : hindu succession act 1956

  • Doctrine of surrender of limited estate or women’s estate
  • Succession to the property of a Hindu female 

  • Changes made  by the hindu succession act 1956

  • Summary of hindu succession amendment act 2005

  • Right of dwelling house of a hindu – hindu succession act 1956

  • Disqualification as to succession – hindu succession act 1956

  • Testamentary Succession under hindu law

MUSLIM LAW

  • Schools of muslim law
  • Overview of Shariat act, 1937 – muslim law
  • Definition, Nature and Scope of Muslim Marriage (Nikah)
  • Void marriage or batil nikah under muslim law
  • Irregular marriage or fasid nikah under muslim law
  • Muta marriage under muslim law
  • Distinction between Shia & Sunni Law of Marriage
  • Doctrine of puberty under muslim law
  • Concept of dower under muslim law
  • Types of dower under muslim law
  • Distinction between dower and dowry
  • Enforcement of right to dower
  • Dower under sunni and shia law
  • Types of talaq – muslim law
  • Dissolution of muslim marrige act 1939: An overview
  • Acknowledgement of paternity under mulsim law
  • Judicial separation under muslim law
  • Distinction between sunni and shia law of divorce
  • Minor and guardianship under muslim law
  • Kinds of guardianship under muslim law
  • Summary: muslim women (protection of rights on divorce) act 1986
  • Concept of maintenance under muslim law
  • Law of succession in muslim law
  • Muslim law of inheritence under sunni law
  • Muslim law of inheritence under shia law
  • Difference between sunni and shia law of inheritance
  • Doctrine of aul – muslim law of inheritence
  • Doctrine of radd – muslim law of inheritence
  • Doctine of aul and radd – muslim law of inheritence
  • Disqualifications of heirs under muslim law of inheritence 
  • Gift or hiba under muslim law: essentials,modes, revocation
  • Kinds of gifts under muslim law
  • Concept of Will or wasiyat under muslim law
  • Wakf in Muslim Law: Concept,essentials, Creation, Registration
  • Manager of a Wakf: Mutawalli – Appointment, Duty, Powers, Removal
  • Salient features of the mussalman wakf validating act, 1913
  • Life estate under muslim law
  • Doctrine of pre-emption or shufaa under muslim law

Christian law, parsi law, Indian law of marriage and succession

  • Christian law regarding marriage and divorce in India
  • Essentials & procedure of christian marriage – Indian christian marriage act, 1872
  • Salient features of Indian christian marriage act, 1872
  • Grounds of divorce under christian law
  • Indian divorce act, 1869: summary
  • Rules of succession under christian law
  • Marriage and divorce under parsi law
  • Grounds of divorce under parsi law
  • Rules of inheritance under parsi law
  • Solemnization of marriage under special marriage act, 1954
  • Grounds of divorce under special marriage act, 1954
  • Differences between hindu marriage act,1955 & special marriage act, 1954
  • Salient features of family courts act, 1984
  • Role of conciliation in family disputes
  • Protection of women from domestic violence act, 2005: summary
  • Essential features of Indian succession act, 1925
  • Intestate succession under Indian succession act, 1925
  • Development and evolution of administrative law
  • Transition from laissez faire to Social Welfare state
  • Relation between constitutional law and administrative law
  • Interpretation of Dicey’s Rule Of Law | Administrative law
  • Indian constitutional provisions relating to Rule of law
  • Applicability of rule of law in a mixed economy
  • Separation of powers under Indian constitution
  • Important judgements on separation of powers
  • Concept and classification of administrative functions
  • Difference between administrative and quasi-judicial functions
  • Difference between administrative and legislative functions
  • Reasons for the growth of delegated legislation in India
  • Types of delegated legislation 
  • Sub delegation in administrative law
  • Delegatus non potest delegare – meaning and analysis
  • Judicial control over delegated legislation 
  • Legislative or parliamentary control over delegated legislation 
  • Judicial control over administrative action 
  • Rule against bias : principles of natural justice
  • Remedies available against state for administrative actions 
  • writ jurisdiction of supreme court and high court: comparison
  • Distinction between article 32 and article 226
  • Res judicata in India: meaning, nature and scope   
  • Lokpal and lok ayukta act 2013: summary
  • Doctrine of estoppel against the government
  • Salient features of administrative tribunals act, 1985
  • Administrative tribunals: structure, jurisdiction, procedure, powers
  • Difference between administrative tribunals and courts
  • Advantages and disadvantages of administrative tribunals
  • Commission of inquiry act, 1952: An overview
  • Commission of inquiry: constitution, appointment & powers
  • An overview of prevention of corruption act, 1988
  • Meaning and features of a public corporation 
  • Objectives and advantages of public corporations
  • Control over public corporations in India
  • Central vigilance commission act, 2003: An overview
  • Central vigilance commission: composition and functions
  • Parliamentary committees in India: appointment, kinds & functions
  • Laws relating to corruption in India
  • Overview of whistleblower’s protection act,, 2014