Name – Rajat singh
college name- law college dehradun
year of study- 2nd yr
The issue of protection of women in India is a very important issue. Violence against women can far into some categories. Some of them are rape, domestic violence, sexual harassment, female infacticide etc. Women in India have been given equal rights as men; however, people do not follow this rule. They contribute to the growth and development of our country; still, they are living in fear. Women are now on respected positions in the country, but if we take a look behind the curtains, we see even then they are being exploited. Each day we read about horrific crimes being committed against women in our country like it’s a norm.
CRIME AGAINST WOMEN IN INDIA
The list of crimes against women is quite long, to say the least. Acid attack is becoming very normal is various parts of the country. The criminal throws acid on the face of the victim to destroy their lives completely. Nonetheless, India has a lot of strong acid attack survivors who are battling for their lives and trying to lead their lives independently.
Not a day goes by where you don’t hear of the news of a crime against women in India. In fact, there are at least five news articles that tell us about the horrific details of the various crimes. It is extremely painful to watch the status of women’s safety in India, especially in a country where women are given the stature of goddesses. Furthermore, domestic violence and honor killings are very common. The wife stays in an abusive relationship because of the fear of society. The family kills their daughters in the name of honor to keep up with the reputation of their family. Similarly, female foeticide is yet another common crime. Due to the regressive thinking, people kill daughters before they are born.
The constitution of india guarantees the right to equality to women.It embodies the gernral principles of equality before law and prohibits unreasonale discrimination between persons. Article 14 embodies the idea of equality expressed in preamble. While article 15(1) prohibits the state from discriminating on the basis of religion, race, sex or place of birth, art 15(3) allows the state to make special provisions for women and children. Art.15 merely elaborates that same concept and acknowledges that women need special treatment for their up liftmen.
Article 16 provides equality of opportunity for sll citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the state. In C.B Muttamma v union of india the supreme court held that a provision of the service rules requiring a female employee to obtain permission of the government in writing before getting married and denying her the right to be promoted on the ground of her bring married was discriminatory.
Art. 39(a) urges the state to provide equal right to adequate means of livelihood to men and women.
DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT,196
The purpose of this act is to prevent the giving or taking of dowry. It not only penalizes this act but also makes the act of demanding dowry an offence.
THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN FROM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ACT,2005
An Act to provide for more effective protection of the rights of women guaranteed under the Constitution who are victims of violence of any kind occurring within the family and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
“aggrieved person” means any woman who is, or has been, in a domestic relationship with the respondent and who alleges to have been subjected to any act of domestic violence by the respondent.
THE HINDU SUCCESSION ACT 1956 WITH THE AMENDMENT OF 2005
This act provided for equal inheritance rights to women for the first time . It abolished the concept of limited estate of women.
EDUCATION AND ECONOMIC DEVEPLOMENT
There is a difference between women in rural areas and sky in the sky, while in urban areas it is not so. This is due to the low literacy rate of women in the village. If we take examples of Kerala and Mizoram, they fall under the category of exceptions. In both of these states, male literacy rates are equal to men. The main reason for the reduction in female literacy rate is the lack of adequate schools, lack of toilets, lack of female teachers, gender discrimination etc. Women have equal rights for men, they represent half of the population of the country and there are also half partners in development. This argument can not be denied, that in today’s modern era, women not only advanced men but also two steps ahead. From the President’s Office, he has become the basis of district level plans. Women can not be imagined without generalization.
School and college students are living in the shadow of fear. Whenever they come out of the house, they have to wear clothes from feet to feet. The strange thing is that in many places it is seen that in the greed of money, parents put their daughter into the hell of Vaishvat. This is normal for kidnapping someone on the road to throw acid on girl and fulfill the desire for physical relation. According to statistics, a woman is raped in India every 20 minutes. t is one hundred percent truth that in Indian society, women like Goddess Lakshmi are worshiped but negative aspects towards women can not be ignored. In India, in some cases, every kind of woman is being exploited, whether it is a mother, a daughter, a sister, a wife, or a 5-7 year old child.
Security of women is a social problem, it needs to be resolved as soon as possible. Women have more than half of the population, who suffer from physical, mental and social status. This is an obstacle to the development and progress of the country. But now it’s time to break silence. Women are entitled to respect. If every parent taught his or her son to respect women and treat them with dignity, a day would have come when thay would not fear for the safety of their daughter. There is a need to change our mindset since ages.