Relationship between the president and prime minister in India.

Relationship between the President and Prime Minister in India.


The most broadly utilized titles are President and Prime Minister. The roles and obligations of a President and Prime Minister are dependent upon the country. Two types of government choose whether a nation should have one of the two leaders. They are the Presidential and Parliamentary types of government. Since India has a Parliamentary type of government there exist both the President and Prime Minister.


ARTICLE 52: THE PRESIDENT OF INDIA, There shall be a President of India

The President and the two houses together comprise the parliament. The President is chosen indirectly while the Prime Minister should to preferably be directly elected. If he turns out to be a Member of the Rajya Sabha, he would be constitutionally qualified for being a Minister although not directly elected chose by individuals.

The President has some extension for starting activities all alone as far as the established arrangements. His direction anyway conveys the heaviness of his high office and can’t be lightly dismissed by any Prime Minister. To that degree, the President goes about as a directing effect on the arrangements and activities of the government.

  • The President of India is the main resident of the country and holds the highest office.
  • The President is the stately head of the country.
  • Bills can’t be passed without the consent and proposal of the President.
  • The furthest extent of the President’s legal force is giving absolution to criminals on death row.
  • The President must be taken out by the process of impeachment which requires a unique greater part for the removal of the President.
  • Then again, the President is elected by individual members from the parliament and legislative assembly. This impeachment interaction possibly emerges if the President is found to disregard the Constitution of India.
  • The President doesn’t host to have a place with any gathering.
  • The President has the ability to proclaim a highly sensitive situation, President has the power to declare a state of emergency.
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The chief force power of the Union will be vested in the President and will be practiced by him either straightforwardly or through officials subordinate to him as per this Constitution. Without bias to the consensus of the prior arrangement, the incomparable order of the Defense Forces of the Union Shall be vested in the President, and activity thereof will be controlled by law.

The term executive power has nowhere been defined under the Constitution. Article73, however, provides that the executive power of the Union shall be coextensive concerning which Parliament has the power to make laws and includes the activity of such rights, authority, and purview as are exercisable by the Government of India by any arrangement or understanding. Thus the executive power of the Union is co-extensive with the legislative powers of the Union. The part of the President acquires a lot of force.

Prime Minister

The Prime Minister acts as an overpass between the Parliament and the President. The President is qualified to be kept informed about the working of government offices where strategy drives are included. The Prime Minister will listen to the ground and the President gets a feel of people’s pulse through the Prime Minister. This plan guarantees that vote-based system capacities as the public authority for individuals.

To the extent that the connection between the Prime Minister and the two Houses is concerned, it is to be noticed that the Prime Minister holds office just as long he has majority part support in the Lok Sabha. Gathering order may guarantee proceeded back up to his projects and arrangements however the Members realize that they need to return to their voting constituencies for continued support. So they would not allow the Prime Minister to do things that may procure them the rage of their help base. Thus, individuals’ advantage stays incomparable albeit some level of failure might be unavoidable.

  • The Prime Minister of India is the head of the chief and the most influential individual in the country.
  • The Prime Minister is the Head of the Cabinet and the Council of ministers.
  • The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are accountable for choosing what approaches and bills to pass.
  • The Prime Minister has no authority over an issue concerning the Judiciary.
  • A Prime Minister can be taken out from office if the Lok Sabha passes a ‘no-certainty movement’.
  • President appoints the Prime Minister of India.
  • The Prime Minister goes about as the main communication between the gathering of ministers and the President of India.
  • The Prime Minister has a place with the gathering that has secured most of the votes in the Lok Sabha.
  • The Prime Ministers don’t have the powers to announce a highly sensitive situation like a state of emergency.
  • Prime Minister is the managing official to different gatherings of the committee of ministers, additionally, his choices assume a powerful role.
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Prime Minister, may request that any minister give his resignation whenever, or, in all likelihood, It is upon his recommendation that President excuses any minister particularly when cases concerning the distinction in the assessment, happen. Allocations, reshuffling of portfolios among different ministers happen by the PM.

He plays the part of a guide, chief, regulator, organizer of different exercises that continues occurring among the ministers.

Further, on the off chance that he resigns from his post, the entire service resigns from office. So, the ministers are exclusively too all in all mindful to him, additionally that they swim and sink, together to announce a highly sensitive situation like a state of emergency.


Hence, to finish up it very well may be summarized that the connection between the President and the PM is fair, complex yet overseeing and they appreciate equivalent powers and position which is of high significance and required for the appropriate working of the Government hardware for upkeep and overseeing and maintaining the standards maintained in the Constitution and guaranteeing India as the biggest vote based system.

Author: Vyshnavi Bojja,
Pendekanti Law College

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