ROLE OF NGO’s IN PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
NGOs are non-profit, personal organizations consisting of private groups of religious, scientific, cultural, philanthropic, technical or economic orientation.
They are neither inter-governmental agreements nor do they involve direct government participation.
The Economic and Social Council of the alliance adopted the resolution in 1950, whereby they printed the non-governmental organizations as ‘any alignment that won’t established by inter-governmental agreements’.
In short, it’s freelance of the governments.
Non-governmental organizations is not a homogenous cluster. The long list of acronyms has developed around the term organization. They are:
- International NGOS (INGOs)
- Business adjusted international NGOS (BINGOs)
- Environmental NGOS (ENGOs)
- Spiritual International NGOS (RINGOs)
- Government-operation NGOS (GONGOs)
- Similar non-governmental organizations (QUANGOs)
NGOs work to spice up the policies, enhance the work pattern, improve and implement the welfare and development schemes of the government and causes of human welfare
NGOs perform organization to advocate, promote and monitor right issues education, health, setting and totally different welfare and development aims, objects and issues
They operate, organize, manage , support and run programs, activities, comes and works at native regional, national, international levels to keep with the requirements and operational capability of the organization
At the international level, the champions of human rights are most often the voters and thus the NGOs, rather than the government officers
FUNCTIONS OF NGOS ARE AS FOLLOWS:
- They mobilize popular opinion.
- They contribute plenty to the society.
- They pressurize the govt. on bound problems, like protection of prisoners rights, torture etc.
- They approach the judiciary on behalf of poor folks that otherwise don’t have any access to justice.
- They evoke submission of bound reports.
- The play a special role particularly within the developing countries for the event of human rights.
- (NGOs) have compete a primary role in focusing the international community on human rights problems.
- NGOs monitor the actions of governments and pressure them to act in step with human rights principles.
LEADING NGOS IN ASIAN COUNTRY ARE:
- The Centre for Development and right
- facilitate Age Asian country
- Voluntary Health Association of Asian country
- Action Aid
- Confederation of Human Rights Organizations
- Human Rights Protection cluster
- People’s Union for Civil Liberties
- People’s Watch
LEADING NGOS ACROSS THE WORLD:
- Amnesty International
- Human Rights whereas not Frontier
- The Human Rights Action Centre
- Human Rights Watch
IMPORTANT CASE LAWS
VISHAKA & ORS VS STATE OF RAJASTHAN
The petition has been brought as a category action by bound social activists and NGOs with the aim of focus attention towards this social group aberration, and helping find appropriate strategies for realisation of verity thought of ‘gender equality’; and to stop molestation of operating girls all told work places through judicial method, to fill the vacuum in existing legislation.
PEOPLES UNION FOR DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS V. STATE OF BIHAR & ORS
J. Peoples’ Union for Democratic Rights, Associate in Nursing organisation aforementioned to be committed to the upholding. of elementary rights of voters has filed this application below Article thirty two of the Constitution. it’s alleged that on nineteenth Gregorian calendar month, 1986, 600 to 700 poor peasants and landless individuals principally happiness to the backward categories had collected for holding a peaceful meeting at intervals the compound of Gandhi Library in Arwal, an area within the District of Gaya within the State of Bihar. With none previous warning by the police or any provocation on the a part of the folks that had thus collected, the Superintendent of Police, Respondent No. 3 herein, reached the spot with force, encircled the gathering and opened fireplace as a result that many individuals were scraped and a minimum of twenty one persons together with children died. The petitioner alleged that separate unofficial inquiries are command into the atrocity and therefore the reports indicated that the amount of deaths was far more than twenty one and there was no justification for the firing.
BANDHUA MUKTI MORCHA VS UNION OF ASIAN COUNTRY & ORS
an organisation dedicated to the explanation for unharness of secure labourers within the country. The system of secure labour has been prevailing in numerous elements of the country since long before the attainment of political freedom and it constitutes an unsightly and shameful feature of our national life. this method supported exploitation by many socially and economically powerful persons commercialism on the misery and suffering giant|of huge|of enormous} numbers of men and holding them enslaved could be a relic of a social organization stratified society that hypocritically proclaims the divinity of men however treats large lots of individuals happiness to the lower rungs of the social ladder or economically impoverished segments of society as dirt and personalty.
SAHELI, A WOMEN’S RESOURCES CENTRE, THROUGHMS. NALINI BHANOT V/S COMMISSIONER OF POLICE
These legal instrument petitions are filed by the Women’s and Civil Rights Organization referred to as SAHELI, a Women’s Resources Centre on behalf of 2 girls Maya Hindu deity and Kamlesh Kumari UN agency are residing in one area tena- ment every on the bottom floor of house No. 408/5/A L Gali No. twenty nine Anand Parbat and were severely crushed up by the alleged landholder in collusion with the S.H.O., Shri Lal Singh and therefore the police of Anand Parbat police headquarters.
1st year student of law faculty, DELHI UNIVERSITY