Land mark case – Vishaka & othrs Vs State of Rajasthan

LANDMARK CASE – Vishaka et al vs. The State of Rajasthan, 1992

In India, the Vishaka pointers were the first-ever action that provided a broad framework for preventing and addressing cases of harassment of girls among the workplace. It recognized that harassment of girls among the work resulted among the violation of their basic rights of gender equality, right to life and liberty and conjointly the proper to carry out any occupation, trade or profession.

The issue of harassment within the workplace gained precedence with the important case Vishaka and others vs. The State of Rajasthan, 1992.

Facts –

This was the much-publicized case of the gang rape of a government public servant, Bhanwari Devi. Bhanwari Devi World Health Organization was a social activist/worker in one among the Rajasthan village.
# She worked below a social development program at rural level that was near to stop kid wedding in an exceedingly village and this social program was administered/ initiated by the Rajasthans government.

# Bhanwari Devi en-devoured to prevent the wedding of the Ramkaran Gujjars (thakurs) female offspring, World Health Organization was simply but one year previous i.e. she was associate degree babe solely.

# As a section of her duty, Bhanwari Devi tried to terminate the wedding of her infant female offspring.

# Even of her vain-full efforts to prevent the wedding, it happened, however Bhanwari Devi wasn’t exempt or pardoned for herâ€TMs this fault.

# She was exposed to or argue to social penalization or boycott.

# September 1992, she was been gang raped by Ramkaran Gujjar and his 5 friends before of her husband.


# The male doctor at traditional primary medical institution declined to survey her and therefore the doctor at Jaipur solely created confirmation of her age with none recommendation of her being raped in her study.

# At station house too she was been regularly taunted by the ladies countable for the complete of the midnight.

# In past midnight she was been asked by the officer to go away her lehnga because the proof of that incident and return to her village.

# then, she was solely left with the gory dhoti of her husband to wrap her body, as a results of that that they had to pay there whole night in this station house.

# The path Court created the discharge of the suspect folks for not being guilty.

# The court in his judgement propounded that –“ it absolutely was a case of gang rape that was conducted out of unforgiving scenario.

# of these statement and judgement, aroused girls and NGOS to file pitition (PIL) in Supreme Court of India. A legal instrument petition filed among the Supreme Court below the collective platform of Vishaka, a women’s organisation, aboard four others, led to the Supreme Court directives that were to perform as guidelines on bar of harassment of girls till the enactment of harassment Act, 2013.

These directives termed the Vishaka pointers were a section of the historic judgement passed on thirteenth August 1997. It recognized that harassment of operating girls amounts to a violation of the rights of gender equality, violation of the proper to apply any profession, occupation and trade. It closed a definition of harassment and specific that “such conduct is commonly mortifying and can represent a health and safety disadvantage,” accenting preventive measures for harassment. Though the legal instrument petition went on to outflow a concrete direction to preventing and addressing harassment within the workplace, Bhanwari Devi continues to fight to amass justice in her case among the native courts. harassment of girls and therefore the LAW in keeping with the law in India, harassment violates the women’s basic right of gender equality and life with dignity below Article fourteen and twenty one severally. though there aren’t any specific laws for border harassment at the geographical point in India. However, sure provisions measure there in numerous legislation similar to the Indian legal code that protects women’s sexual harassments.


• Sections in IPC that protects girls’s sexual harassments

•Section 294 – deals with obscene acts and songs at public places

•Section 354 – deals with assault or criminal force against women

•Section 376 – deals with rape

•Section 510 – deals with uttering words or making gestures that outrage a women’s modesty There is another act gone the legislature for safeguarding women’s interest, namely, Indecent illustration of girls Act, 1997. This act has ne’er been used in cases of harassment

provisions during this act which might be employed in two ways in which –

1. If somebody harasses another by showing books, pictures, paintings, films, etc. containing Indecent illustration of girls then he are liable with minimum two years imprisonment.
2. Section seven of this act punishes firms if there’s Indecent illustration of girls like showing erotica.

•Sections in POCSO that protects against harassment The act defines a child as someone below the age of 18years. It protects all children below the age of eighteen years from the offences of statutory offence, harassment and erotica, all of that’s clearly printed during this law. Section eleven of the Act deals with harassment. during this section, someone has same to possess committed harassment at the workplace upon a child, once such someone with sexual intent –

•Utters any word

•Makes a child exhibit his body or any a part of its body

•Shows associate degree object to the kid for sexy functions

•repeatedly follows or stalk the child directly or through electronic suggests that

•threatens to use a true or invented depiction of any a part of the child’s body

READ  Oxford University Press v. Commissioner of Income Tax

•entices a child for pornographic functions. Whoever commits harassment upon a child shall be penalised with imprisonment for a term which can reach 3 years and shall conjointly vulnerable to be punished.

Section in Information Technology Act, 2000

•Section 67 – deals with the publishing of information which is obscene in electronic kind

Section 72 – deals with penalty for breach of confidentiality and privacy


the Supreme Court specifically underlined the definition of Sexual Harassment, which conveys any unwanted or uninvited physical touch or conduct or showing of pornography or any definable sexual comments or texts will come under the ambit of Sexual Harassment.

According to me any such conduct done directly hampers the right of women to life and it also affects there dignity to live. It also hinders the mental and physical health of women. Sexual harassment shall be avoided and the equality between the genders shall be established at workplace.

Author: Mahima Rewri,
1st year faculty of Law , Delhi University

Leave a Comment