Need of Reforms in Indian Education.
Our Indian System of Education needs substantial improvements and adjustments. India needs basic reforms of its own accord. Learning ideally requires memorizing data. There’s just one criterion here to assess the student’s ability, i.e. percentage in board review. So, just mug up students and Indian schooling is spoon feeding too.
History of Indian Education System
Indian schooling past has its origins in the ancient times through which they practiced the Gurukul method – a framework under which the students lived at their teacher ‘s house before the instructor thought he had imparted what he might. The topics learned ranged from Sanskrit to Scriptures and Physics and Metaphysics, and the gained experience should be passed down and subsequent generations. However, during the Colonial period this method was modified when the British founded schools that adopted a curriculum limited to subjects such as algebra, science etc. Whereas the old method had more contact with nature, the new program was geared more towards school.
Need of Reforms in Indian Education
Our school program requires realistic awareness. Our schooling program is largely for abstract awareness. Any essential theoretical information is required but much of the theoretical awareness is based on our school program. Indian school and social structures are very complicated for children and they utterly neglect their thoughts , views and goals. By the age of 3 children are forced to study. Parents and culture view non-performers as dolts, and ostracize them. My opinion is this, it must be all-round developer in our education. Instead than mugging it would be focused on imaginative. Training must be encouraged to be functional or visualised.
According to THE TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION only two institutions are among the top 200 universities in India. We are 154th ranked IIT-Delhi and 174th ranked IIT-Bombay. No other universities from India, while there are 58 universities in the category in the United States, with Harvard University at the top of the list. There are 29 colleges in the UK, 8 are in China and 9 are in Japan.
Why is the change required?
India’s global score on education fell to 93 in 2014. This, along with a number of scandals that the Indian education sector is facing, suggests an urgent need to bring about changes in our education system. Indian school program was associated with “Examinations,” “School Exams,” “Entrance Exams,” “Marks,” etc. Once he / she finishes his / her 10th grade, a student in India is left with the choice to select from Math, Humanities or Commerce. The pattern reveals, however, that more and more students are choosing to go abroad for further studies after completing their Indian postgraduate degree.
According to statistics on admission offers to Indian post-graduate students by the U.S. Council of Graduate Schools, admissions for 2013-14 are up 25 percent from the previous year, compared to a 9 percent increase for all countries
Seven immediate changes we required we need in Indian Education
- Rote Learning
Over time we have progressed; nevertheless, we have still not been able to step on from rote thinking. Although we realize IB schools are transforming the education landscape at their point, we do need to recognize that there is a somewhat small scope of the community that goes of IB schools.
Not everybody can support the college program they are providing. The government therefore has to take the baton in its possession and remove rotary learning from the schools at all stages. We must encourage the schools to introduce concept
- Appraisal program
Marks often play the most significant role in determining the children’s future, and that also comes down as a burdening influence on the pupils. The burden of the marks also underperforms the pupils.
Instead of based the assessment on a three-hour test, a student’s engagement in the curriculum would be the subject of the assessment, assignments, communication and leadership abilities and extracurricular events.
- Equal respect towards all Subjects
We continue to survive in the education system where science flows overthrow the hierarchy of the stream. Students are pushed to become a machine that only applies to high-profile subjects and subjects such as languages, communications, arts and not high-profile.
Instead, students should be pushed to pursue the subject they like, rather than create a differentiation between subjects.
- Enhanced Instructor Education
Teachers play the most important position in schools and thus, the best of class training should be offered to them. After all, they shape the nation’s future — the kids. Teachers are often taken to be second parents.
Therefore, their teaching will be imparted in a manner that they will behave as parents to the children away from their homes.
While teaching, they should create a cozy and homely atmosphere in which students can feel the empathy and love in the classroom and then be reflected in their behaviours.
- Introduction of technology
We all know we started in the Fourth Industrial Revolution era. We are living the technological renaissance and can’t be kept separate in such a state, technology and education system.
Students must be educated about technology right from the very beginning of their schooling, so that in their later periods it will not arrive like an unfamiliar item.
Indian schools ought to accept technologies and schooling with an open heart and extend the same idea to students as they see where their potential lies.
- Customize Education
Indian education needs to understand that every student’s absorption ability can’t be the same. For any student in a class of 30 the teaching process therefore cannot stay the same.
Some students have a more rapid pace of learning and some are slow. Teachers will keep a close eye on each student being watched.
Although it is not humanly feasible for a single instructor to pay attention to each pupil, schools ought to continue thinking into the usage of technology such as artificial intelligence and chatbots that can support teachers and students.
- Teach them the purpose of the training
Our school program also retains the characteristics of what foreign educators had introduced. Learning isn’t just about being a tall, wealthy adult. There will be humanism in it. Students also need to be thoroughly taught about the morals of life, and inculcated with humanistic values. They should be taught that life is far beyond money and that money does not measure success.
If the Indian education system starts to take these points seriously, we will reach the standard of the world’s best education system. It is high that we as a country begin to take up education above the mediocre level with which we have been embedded, and perceive education from the holistic perspective.
Some of the reasons why so many students do not choose India to continue their further education are:
(1 ) Lack of high-quality Indian College programs.
(2) Poor teacher qualifications. In India teaching is not treated as a lucrative job choice. Many of them wind up with this profession because they do not find work somewhere else.
(3) Obsolete syllabus teaches in most colleges.
(4) Loss of state-of-the-art facilities in higher education institutions.
Reforms should begin with Schools
Schools have a crucial part to play in influencing the social and professional development of a individual. The Indian traditional schools are based on educating the children to meet the demanding outside environment. We promote tests and assignments as methods for evaluating the students ‘ performance. If or not a kid was skillful based on the marks he / she received. Many critics today who criticize the Indian Education program are of the view that the schools teach the students by-rote knowing stuff and not through implementation understanding issues. National survey conducted a few years ago reveals that over 80 per cent of India’s school principals blame rote-learning as the reason for poor standards of learning in school-going students. Of these, almost 70% thought the curriculum pursued in India today did not offer adequate room for imaginative thinking.
Latest trends in the Indian system of education
A typical Indian classroom is characterized by the teacher having very little focus on the ability of the students to comprehend long hours of lectures. Nonetheless, today’s Indian Education program has several technology-driven developments for students. Edu comp Smart class is such a case. Smart class is essentially a curriculum-mapped, multimedia-rich, 3D digital content library. This also helps teachers to determine easily how much of a given lesson student has been able to assimilate during the course.
Once a topic is covered on a large screen, the teacher gives the class a set of questions. Then, each student responds via a personal answering device or a smart evaluation system. The teacher immediately gets the scores and based on that, she repeats parts of the lesson that the students don’t seem to have grasped. Another example is the launch of Edu India, an Indian curriculum-focused educational channel, YouTube channel. Some other players in this sector are Everonn Education, NIIT, Core Education & Technologies, IL&FS, CompuCom, HCL Infosystems, Learn Next, Tata Interactive Systems, Mexus Education, S. Chand Harcourt and iDiscoveri.
We also see much more options for schooling available today as a replacement to the conventional mainstream system. In his post, Laugh Guru’s Vaibhav Deva Nathan stressed that the high degree of tension in students induced by the traditional schools has given rise to numerous alternative schooling approaches in India such as Montessori schools, Krishnamurti schools, Home-Schooling and Gardner ‘s Model.
Indian Education Systems primarily implements the framework laid by the British. Even though we can boast that we have the IITs, IIMs and some of the best law and medical colleges, India ‘s contribution to the innovation world is close to none. Therefore, our education system will concentrate on churning out not just engineers but also businessmen, musicians, physicists, authors and so on, many of whom are important in economic growth. As India mourns the death of one of its greatest visionaries, Dr. Abdul Kalam, its view of the Indian Education System needs to be emphasized: “In decades , India will need 300 to 500 million employable skilled youth, and the university education syllabus and secondary education syllabus need to be completely changed.”
Author: Arvind Bhati,
Lloyd law college 3rd year student